#### Slicer McGolf

##### New

right. I guess I was confused by the question.

Can you elaborate on 5 & 5 ? Why not 6 & 8?

Thanks

Can you elaborate on 5 & 5 ? Why not 6 & 8?

Thanks

You are using an out of date browser. It may not display this or other websites correctly.

You should upgrade or use an alternative browser.

You should upgrade or use an alternative browser.

- Thread starter ej20
- Start date

- Status
- Not open for further replies.

right. I guess I was confused by the question.

Can you elaborate on 5 & 5 ? Why not 6 & 8?

Thanks

Can you elaborate on 5 & 5 ? Why not 6 & 8?

Thanks

The point was that there are things you can do to increase ball speed, which is for a given clubhead speed, is what "smash factor" is.

Accelerating through the ball—not one of them.

In fact, as far as the golfer goes, maybe the OPPOSITE is true.

Accelerating through the ball—not one of them.

In fact, as far as the golfer goes, maybe the OPPOSITE is true

and is this in reference to the feel of stopping the club to gain more speed? Snapping the chain?

Would a 190g and 200g clubhead have identical smash factors assuming everything else being equal ie. same speed at impact and center hit.

The heaver the head assuming everything else being equal i.e. same speed at impact and center hit has a higher smash factor. I am testing driver heads that weigh as much as 305 grams.

The heaver the head assuming everything else being equal i.e. same speed at impact and center hit has a higher smash factor. I am testing driver heads that weigh as much as 305 grams.

Yeah thats what I thought.

A 305g is awfully heavy.If you swing that without losing much clubhead speed then its all good but I assume they build clubs with heads weighing around 200g because that is about optimum for us humans to maximise momentum.

I guess the question is how much clubhead speed do you lose swinging a 305g head as opposed to a 200g head.

Ok, did we get the answer though?

Not at all. My question was what is 5 & 5?

I know the relationship with Smash Factor and Club and Ball speed. I remember when I first learned that. I was so shocked I fell off my dinosaur.

My answer to the original question: same club, same clubhead speed, different smash factor. Answer: different ball speed.

As far as the weight of the club, it has to affect ball speed, which affects smash factor. Force = Mass X Acceleration. By making the clubs lighter with the idea that they produce more swing speed, they are trying to say that this will make the ball go farther. But I think that the club being this light just lets people throw it away faster. I don't think you would see OTT with a sledge hammer.

Now we can't swing a sledgehammer very fast, reducing our Acceleration and speed. So in order to find out the ideal Force, you must identify the right Mass/Acceleration mixture. Our clubs weigh 12% lighter than they did in the 60s. We're hitting it farther now because of titanium and new golf balls so it seems like GH is on to something. new metals and new balls. same law.

Not at all. My question was what is 5 & 5?

I know the relationship with Smash Factor and Club and Ball speed. I remember when I first learned that. I was so shocked I fell off my dinosaur.

My answer to the original question: same club, same clubhead speed, different smash factor. Answer: different ball speed.

As far as the weight of the club, it has to affect ball speed, which affects smash factor. Force = Mass X Acceleration. By making the clubs lighter with the idea that they produce more swing speed, they are trying to say that this will make the ball go farther. But I think that the club being this light just lets people throw it away faster. I don't think you would see OTT with a sledge hammer.

Now we can't swing a sledgehammer very fast, reducing our Acceleration and speed. So in order to find out the ideal Force, you must identify the right Mass/Acceleration mixture. Our clubs weigh 12% lighter than they did in the 60s. We're hitting it farther now because of titanium and new golf balls so it seems like GH is on to something. new metals and new balls. same law.

Today’s drivers are to light and too long for most golfers to get any benefit from them. I can't go into details but soon I will have drivers on the market that golfers can handle for better accuracy and heavier heads for more distance. I am also working on irons to do the same thing and I am not making the lofts stronger.

I worked with a company back in the early 90’s and we could add different weight to the driver heads and one of the heads we set one up for Monte Scheinblum who used it to win the 1992 National and World Long Drive Champion and finished second in that event with it in 1993. The driver head as I recall was 235 grams and the shaft length was 43”. I think the winning drive was around 374 yards. I also remember he hit the grid with all the drives in the final. Monte was a player he shot a 63 at Southern Links in Illinois to tie Ray Floyd's course record two weeks before the long drive championship.

.Today’s drivers are to light and too long for most golfers to get any benefit from them. I can't go into details but soon I will have drivers on the market that golfers can handle for better accuracy and heavier heads for more distance. I am also working on irons to do the same thing and I am not making the lofts stronger.

I worked with a company back in the early 90’s and we could add different weight to the driver heads and one of the heads we set one up for Monte Scheinblum who used it to win the 1992 National and World Long Drive Champion and finished second in that event with it in 1993. The driver head as I recall was 235 grams and the shaft length was 43”. I think the winning drive was around 374 yards. I also remember he hit the grid with all the drives in the final. Monte was a player he shot a 63 at Southern Links in Illinois to tie Ray Floyd's course record two weeks before the long drive championship.

The smash factor is the ratio between ball speed and club head speed.

As a parameter, it is an expression of the player's ability to generate ball speed based on a given club speed. Technically, the smash factor says a lot about the centeredness of impact and the solidity of the shot - there is a strong correlation between the degree of centeredness at impact and the obtained smash factor.

How important is smash factor as a launch parameter?

It is very important – and to be honest, it is much more important than many think. Especially for those amateurs that try to swing too hard at the ball. By trying to achieve a high club speed, they lose control and don't obtain a solid, centered impact, resulting in a relatively low smash factor, far from what is optimal. When working with TrackMan™, the amateur and the pro should focus a lot more on ball speed and the smash factor in order to improve their ball striking. This is the reason why we have deliberately taken club speed away from the first page on the TrackMan™ screen and moved it down to page 3. We want players to focus on what is really significant to improve in their swing.

Let me give you an example. With a club speed of 100 mph and a smash factor of 1.40, the ball speed is 140 mph. But if the golfer could obtain a smash factor of 1.48 with a more controlled swing having a lower club speed of 98 mph, the ball speed would be increased to 145 mph – i.e. an additional 5 mph ball speed by swinging slower. Since 1 more mph ball speed (all other things equal) will generate 2 more yards carry, an extra 10 yards is added to the drive in this case by swinging with more control! Further, the more controlled swing will most likely have a very positive effect on dispersion.

What is the highest smash factor you can obtain?

The laws of physics do put some limitations on what is possible. Even though you may impact the ball dead-center on the club face, so the ball departs on a line that goes directly through the Center of Gravity (CoG) of the club head, there are 3 more factors that determine the maximum obtainable smash factor:

• **coefficient of restitution** between club and ball (COR),

• the**SPIN LOFT** – the angle between club face orientation and club head direction

• the

and

•

For the coefficient of restitution, USGA and The R&A have limited golf clubs and balls to a maximum COR of 0.83.

While the spin loft could theoretically be 0 deg, it is impractical since this would mean something like a 0 deg lofted driver with a zero flex shaft producing 0 rpm of spin! The lowest realistic spin loft for a driver is around 8 deg.

As for the ball, the maximum allowed mass is 45.93 g, with no lower limit. However, it turns out that almost all golf balls have a mass above 45 g since the heavier weight makes the ball slow down less during flight (due to air resistance). For the club head mass, there are small variations among drivers. They typically range from 197 to 201 g, with tour pros using 202-207 g. The heaviest driver head I have heard about is 212 g. By inserting realistic numbers in the equation above for maximizing the smash factor (COR 0.83, SPIN LOFT 8 deg, mass ratio 45/212), the highest realistic smash factor is 1.494.

A word of caution, before you start putting lead tape on your driver to make it heavier, that the heavier the club head the harder it is to generate club head speed. Maximum ball speed for a 45 inch driver is obtained for most people with a club head weight around 200 g. See “Search for The Perfect Swing” by Cochran and Stobbs for a study on how the club head speed varies with club head weight.

This depends highly on what club you are looking at and what ball type you are playing. For a driver with a premium ball, as an amateur, your smash factor should be above 1.42 and if you have elite ambitions, you should not be below 1.47. Tour pros should aim for nothing less than 1.48 as a minimum. But do note that if you are hitting the very common high durability range balls the effective COR can easily be as low as 0.73 which will limit the smash factor realistically to about 1.41!

By using the equation above and assuming standard loft as being the SPIN LOFT and average male club head weights, the theoretical optimal smash factor throughout the set is shown in Table 1. For illustration the corresponding club head speed and ball speed are shown where the club head speed has been scaled to match the average for the PGA TOUR.

The results in Table 1 agree very well with our observations of male and female tour pros for longer irons and woods. Some examples are presented in Table 2.

In general, both the PGA and LPGA players seem to be right at the optimal smash factor - and sometimes actually slightly above. In particular on the shorter irons, the pros are achieving a higher smash factor than what is reasonably expected from the club loft. The likely explanation for these high smash factors is that the spin loft is actually lower than the club loft which will be the case if the ball is impacted with the hands leading the club head.

Another interesting observation in Table 2 is that LPGA players seem to generate higher smash factors for the longer irons in particular. A possible explanation for this is that there is a small increase in club/ball COR at lower club head speeds.

Also the ladies tend to use more cavity back type of clubs which has slightly higher COR and slightly lower loft than corresponding blade type which is preferred by most PGA Tour players.

One thing I have found very remarkable is how consistently the tour pros are able to produce smash factors of 1.48 and above with their drivers.

One of the biggest concrete surprises I have had was when we had the Danish European Tour player Mads Vibe-Hastrup in front of TrackMan™ with his driver. Mads initially had a smash factor of 1.42 (110 mph club head speed, 156 mph ball speed)! Interestingly enough, he was launching the ball at 14 degrees with a spin rate of 2500 rpm, so if you only looked at the ball speed, launch angle and spin rate, the data would look very close to optimal. But by measuring club head speed and ball speed independently, thus having a fully measured smash factor result, we could immediately see that something was very far from optimal.

It turned out that Mads was hitting significantly down on the ball and impacted the ball high on the club face, slightly towards the heel. As you can read elsewhere in this newsletter, Mads achieved the 1.48-1.49 smash factor with a significant distance increase in return for his hard work on TrackMan™.

Another surprise was LPGA player Natalie Gulbis during Wendy’s 3-Tour Challenge in 2007 (see also newsletter #2). She was consistently getting smash factors around 1.42. So despite her very nice positive attack angle, she was at this event losing about 12 yards carry compared to her potential.

While the calculation of smash factor is simply the ratio between ball speed and club head speed, there are some details that are worth noticing. The ball speed is very well defined, and TrackMan™ measures the ball speed directly within 0.1 mph.

However, with the club head speed things are not quite as simple. It might be a surprise to many golfers, but the club head speed actually varies significantly depending on where on the club face you are looking. On average there is a 14% difference between heel and toe speed. This means that if you have 100 mph club head speed in the center of the club face, the speed of the heel will be around 93 mph and the toe 107 mph. This is primarily due to two things: 1) the further distance from grip to the toe of the club compared to the grip to heel 2) the rotation of the club head during the downswing. Likewise, the club head speed low on the club face is higher than high on the club face.

TrackMan™ always refers to the club head speed at the center of the club face, but because of around a ⅜ inch uncertainty of the location of the radar reflection point on the back of the club face, this leads to an accuracy of the club head speed measurement of the TrackMan™ of ±1 mph with reference to the center of the club face.

Let me give you an example of how this affects your smash factor measurement: Let us assume a club head speed of 100 mph (in the center of the club face) with a dead center ball impact producing 148 mph ball speed. This should theoretically give a smash factor of 1.48. However, due to the uncertainty of the exact location of the club head speed reading of the TrackMan™, the smash factor might be measured somewhere between 148/101 and 148/99 (1.465 to 1.495).

Let us then take the other case where the ball is impacted at the 5 different locations indicated on the club face above but having the club delivered with the same speed and spin loft to the ball (Figure 1). The club head measured by the TrackMan™ is independent on where on the club face the ball is impacted, so this will be 100 mph for all the 5 different impact locations. In the table below, an example of a realistic variation of the COR variation across the club face has been used. Maximum ball speed is obtained with impact ¾ of an inch towards the toe despite the lower COR of 0.81 at this point on the club face.

If the smash factor was calculated from straight theory (last column in table 3): ball speed divided with the club head speed at point of impact, the smash factor producing the highest 150.3 mph ball speed would come out as 1.463.

Since ball speed (together with launch angle and spin rate) is what matters for the ball flight, by using the center of the club face as reference for the club head speed measurement, maximizing your TrackMan™ smash factor means also maximizing your ball speed for a given physical strength.

This means that in the case the ball is impacted towards the toe (higher club head speed) but still with a high COR and no loss of energy due to twisting of the club head during impact, the theoretical maximum smash factor might be 1.48, but the TrackMan™ smash factor could come out higher.

We have so far spent most of our time looking at smash factors for drivers. We have now started looking at smash factors for irons. The tour pros seem to generate a slightly higher smash factor with their irons, especially the shorter ones, than what you would expect from the loft of the club. So we are currently analyzing the tour pros’ club delivery – in particular attack angle and dynamic loft to understand more precisely what the world’s best ball strikers are doing. The results of this will be very valuable for both fitting and instruction.

I will let you know when they are ready.

Focus: Smash Factor

fromTrackman Newsletter• May 2008

Let me give you an example. With a club speed of 100 mph and a smash factor of 1.40, the ball speed is 140 mph. But if the golfer could obtain a smash factor of 1.48 with a more controlled swing having a lower club speed of 98 mph, the ball speed would be increased to 145 mph – i.e. an additional 5 mph ball speed by swinging slower. Since 1 more mph ball speed (all other things equal) will generate 2 more yards carry, an extra 10 yards is added to the drive in this case by swinging with more control! Further, the more controlled swing will most likely have a very positive effect on dispersion.

This is what I teach and it works. With heaver club heads it will work even better. This is the future of golf instruction. He who joins me will be at the front of the pack! I gave an example of the results I had in another thread about this and one of the staff instructors said it was B.S. Soon all will know this formula and the smart instructors will teach it.

More Smash:

All else being equal, you get less of a glancing blow with less effective loft, a '0' path, and a '0' ("level") hit, yes?

Let me give you an example. With a club speed of 100 mph and a smash factor of 1.40, the ball speed is 140 mph. But if the golfer could obtain a smash factor of 1.48 with a more controlled swing having a lower club speed of 98 mph, the ball speed would be increased to 145 mph – i.e. an additional 5 mph ball speed by swinging slower. Since 1 more mph ball speed (all other things equal) will generate 2 more yards carry, an extra 10 yards is added to the drive in this case by swinging with more control! Further, the more controlled swing will most likely have a very positive effect on dispersion.

This is what I teach and it works. With heaver club heads it will work even better. This is the future of golf instruction. He who joins me will be at the front of the pack! I gave an example of the results I had in another thread about this and one of the staff instructors said it was B.S. Soon all will know this formula and the smart instructors will teach it.

Yet another example of John Rohan-Weaver's agenda and ego coming through!

If you're so good, why aren't people at your forum?

The above example is one other way of generating more clubhead speed.

Congratulations on being one of the first to 'discover' the information, and being so far ahead of even the 'smart' instructors that you 'must' have a moratorium on all the good stuff.

Brian, if this guy is a friend, he has a funny way of showing it!

No doubt a heavier clubhead will decrease your clubhead speed but it appears you will gain that in increased smash factor provided the head is not 10kg and you only manage a swing speed of 2 mph while breaking your wrist.

I think what GH is saying is that a heavier clubhead will mean you need to swing with more control also.

This is my theory only but a heavier clubhead by logic will have greater inertia in the change of direction and thus make it easier to load the shaft.

Most people love golden eggs, but Brian loves the goose that laid the golden egg.

If you're so good, why aren't people at your forum?

I do not teach on my forum. I have one so golfers around the world can ask questions about my products and services. It is important to me that they receive the correct product for their swing needs and a message board as I call it is a free service I provide to help golfers with more information on my products and services than the web site provides. I also provide free instruction videos with my products on YouTube as well.

I do have a thread on a forum that has recieved over 120,000 hits in year where I teach a swing.

The above example is one other way of generating more clubhead speed.

I have corrected it for you. The above example is a way of generating more ball speed.

Congratulations on being one of the first to 'discover' the information, and being so far ahead of even the 'smart' instructors that you 'must' have a moratorium on all the good stuff.

Thanks

Here is what I was talking about for some who might have been confused.

This is what I teach and it works. (Smash Factor)With heaver club heads it will work even better. (Smash Factor) This is the future of golf instruction. (Smash Factor) He who joins me will be at the front of the pack! (Smash Factor) I gave an example of the results I had (Smash Factor) in another thread about this and one of the staff instructors said it was B.S. (Smash Factor) Soon all will know this formula and the smart instructors will teach it. (Smash Factor)

As for my agenda I want to spread the word about 3-D including the (Smash Factor).

The smart instructors I am talking are the ones that use 3-D and are not stuck in the 2-D line drawing rut. I am sure many are on this site are using 3-D.

I call it like I see it. Brian does the same. If that is your option of an ego well I guess I have one. People who know me know I give more than I take. I help golfers get better period!

To Better Golf

John W Rohan-Weaver

- Status
- Not open for further replies.

Share: